Bullet train, Shinkansen in Japanese, is operated by four Japan Railways Group company (JR Central, JR East, JR West, JR Kyushu,). It started with the Tokaido Shinkansen between Tokyo sta. and Shin-Osaka sta. in 1964.
There are three types of trains on the Tokaido line: from fastest to Slowest, they are the Nozomi, Hikari, and Kodama. Many Nozomi and Hikari trains continue onward to the Sanyo Shinkansen, going as far as Fukuoka’s Hakata sta.
The Hikari run from Tokyo to Osaka took four hours in 1964; this was shortened to 3 hours 10 minutes in 1965. With the introduction of high-speed Nozomi service in 1992, the travel time was shortened to 2 hours 30 minutes. The introduction of N700 series trains in 2007 further reduced the Nozomi travel time to 2 hours 25 minutes. As of 74 March 2015, after a speed increase to 285 km/h, the fastest Nozomi service now take 2 hours 22 minutes from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka.
As of August 2008, Hikari services travel from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka in approximately 3 hours, with all-stopping Kodama service making the same run in about 4 hours.
Sanyo Shinkansen is a line connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. It is a westward continuation of the Tokaido Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu.
The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata with Kagoshima.
The Sanyo Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (185 mph).
The Tohoku Shinkansen is connecting Tokyo with Aomori in Aomori Prefecture, making it Japan’s longest Shinkansen line. On the afternoon of 11 March 2011, services on the Tohoku Shinkansen were suspended as a result of the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami. JR East estimated the around 1,100 repairs would be required for the line between Omiya and Iwate-Numakunai, ranging from collapsed station roofs to bent power pylons.
Limited service on the line was restored in segments: Tokyo to Nasu-Shiobara was re-opened on 15 March, and Morioka to Shin-Aomori was re-opened on 22 March. The line between Morioka and Ichinoseki re-opened on 7 April, Nasu-Shiobara and Fukushima on 12 April, and the rest of the line on or around 30 April, although not at full speed or a full schedule. The trains returned to full- speed operations on 23 September 2011.
The Hokuriku Shinkansen is connecting Tokyo with Kanazawa in the Hokuriku region of Japan. The first section, between Takasaki and Nagano in Nagano Prefecture, opened on 1 October 1997, originally called the Nagano Shinkansen. The extension to Toyama in Toyama Prefecture and Kanazawa in Ishikawa Prefecture opened on 14 March 2015.
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